Bagua Zhang is a combination of attack and defensive moves while incorporating Neigong (internal Kung Fu). It uses palms instead of fists for an attack. The main characteristics are strikes, joint locking, throws, and distinctly evasive circular footwork. The evasive circular footwork in Bagua is one of its most distinctive characteristics and a very important aspect; it is used to confuse an opponent and is effective in helping fight several attackers.
The custom of practising Bagua Zhang is valuing strong spirit, courage, and personal loyalty. Weapons used in Bagua Zhang are mostly very distinctive being easily concealed, such as the crescent-shaped deer horn knives and scholar pens or extremely large, such as the Bagua sword and Bagua broadsword.