JIA ZI is the routine for basic Kung fu training in Meihua quan and consists of stake stances and moving steps. The stake stances should be stationary, each stance should be held motionless for 3-5 breaths, thereby developing strength and Qi in the whole body.
The stake stances (zhuang bu) are left- right symmetrical postures and are called Da Shi (big stance) ,Shun Shi (fluent stance), Ao Shi (twisted stance), Xiao Shi (small stance) and Bai Shi (failing stance). These five stances are based on the theory of generation and restriction of the five elements Metal, Water, Wood, Fire and Earth respectively along with Yin-Yang theory. The stake stances should remain as motionless as a mountain alternating Yin and Yang, while the moving steps should flow like the waves of a river in an endless stream.
The moving steps (xing bu) are dynamic and should be swift, accurate, light and continuous. The main training method consists of Bai fa (swinging method), Che fa (retreating method ) and Zha fa (stabbing method). In short these three kinds of moving steps are very useful footwork drills to develop the ability to leap, advance and retreat in all directions, to twist one’s stance and upper body , to turn to the left or right, and etc. In practical use, the three methods enable the practitioner to move like the wind, stand like a nail, rapidly change from a high position to a low attacking position and retreat quickly after attacking.
Si men (four doors) is a basic pattern of the Jia zi and contains eight directions according to the four cardinal points and the intermediate directions. The five stances are performed in each of the directions (called also ” corners”).The pattern looks like a plum flower in full blossom. The static and the dynamic elements of Jia zi have a corresponding simultaneous effect on the internal organs , the external body and the flow of the Qi.